-Native American Heritage Month
Today In History....
In 1864, a colorado militia killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyanne Indians in the "Sand Creek Massacre"
The massacre began at dawn on Nov. 29, 1864, when nearly 1,000 men under the command of Col. John M. Chivington, surrounded hundreds of Indians camped on the banks of Sand Creek. Soule and other witnesses said Chivington wanted to kill Indians and did not care that this group was peaceful and had been promised by other U. S. troops that they would be left alone if they flew an American flag.
The troops opened fire on the mostly unarmed Indians with guns and howitzers, then chased down many who tried to flee. The soldiers mutilated the bodies, taking away scalps, ears, fingers and genitals as trophies.
Although (at the time) the congressional probe sparked by Soule and Lt. Joe Cramer condemned the massacre, those involved were never punished and the reparations promised in a treaty were never paid. Sadly, Chivington has a town in the area named for him.